Balearic Islands, Spanish Islas Baleares, Catalan Illes Balears, archipelago in the western and a comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of coextensive with the Spanish provincia (province) of the same name. The archipelago lies 50 to 190 miles (80 to 300 km) east of the Spanish mainland. There are two groups of islands. The eastern and larger group forms the Balearics proper and includes the principal islands of (Mallorca) and (Menorca) and the small island of Cabrera. The western group is known as the Pitiusas and includes the islands of (Eivissa) and Formentera. The archipelago is an extension of the sub-Baetic cordillera of peninsular Spain, and the two are linked by a sill near Cape Nao in the of Alicante. The Balearic Islands autonomous community was established by the statute of autonomy of 1983. is the capital as well as the military, judicial, and ecclesiastical centre of the autonomous community. The government encompasses the insular councils of Majorca, Minorca, and Ibiza-Formentera. Area 1, 927 square miles (4, 992 square km). Pop. (2007 est.) 1, 030, 650.
The Balearics exhibit a varied terrain, with undulating hills, plateaus, and lowlands. Minorca has extensive plains. Annual is low, rarely exceeding 18 inches (450 mm), and occurs mainly in the autumn and spring.
The raids of Barbary pirates discouraged settlement along the coast until the 19th century. The spread of tourism since the mid-19th century has led to the concentration of population along the coastal areas and the depopulation of the hinterland. The populations of Majorca and Minorca are heavily concentrated in the larger cities, while those of the islands of Ibiza and Formentera tend to be dispersed. Farmland is often subdivided into minifundios (small landholdings), the number of latifundios (large landholdings) having declined sharply since 1920.
Emigration from the hinterland has sharply reduced the agricultural workforce in the islands. The traditional Mediterranean crops of wheat, grapes, and olives predominated until 1830, when improved transport allowed new cash crops to be taken to more-distant markets. These included almonds, peaches, apricots, carob, and tomatoes. Dry farming predominates, though the waterwheels and windmills that were introduced by the Muslims for irrigation persist. Sir Richard Kane, governor of Minorca between 1712 and 1736, introduced cattle and sheep from and pigs from Sardinia; these breeds continue to be raised.more than coffee judgmental overconfidence astronomical observing haircut cost area science boy long hairstyle names hair studio 56 portfolio coffee shop osiris constellation haircut tips astronomy 10 a look at lifestyles haircuts for thinning hair astronomy gift metabolism easy drawing haircut pain haircut film all astronomy astronomy movies astronomer salary 2018 winter fashion ideas you'll love the times lifestyle trends film haircut dogs coffee in spanish slang our home lifestyle scientific method definition biology astronomy cafe craft 19 coffee haircuts for teen boys coffee film lifestyles meaning haircut type national lifestyle asia science center trend market francesca's red dress at home astronomy scientific method in your own words that's science trending shoes for women haircut dog astronomy go man in coffee what is not science outfit ideas for women coffee maker as in science french fashion words style edge haircut trends web starship band wiki science olympiad battery buggy kit starshipsofa lifestyle account good trends science fiction movies scientific method hypothesis testing starbucks kensington san diego 1 2 haircut know your meme database new astronomy coffee cup side tables set coffee case science center ithaca ny thrust fault trending songs on youtube firestone haircut coffee is not for me lifestyle photo 13 coffee lifestyle solutions chair local astronomy which coffee oil trends alternative lifestyles trend list astronomy match label astronomy girl lifestyle 2018 memes so far facebook video trending nail colors 2019 haircut women haircut back supercuts prices fashion's first rss astronomy management lifestyle haircut high 2 on haircut pictures of hair cuts for women little trends hot topics on the news astronomy degree coffee state it's only fashion astronomy chart in dark kids kick coffee wi coffee and more fun haircut is science good world astronomy astronomy live lifestyles of the rich and famous robin leach quote facebook countering meme formats coffee quotes monday kreb cycle human fat astronomy and time lifestyle of friends with coffee up fashion science to do water lifestyle anoxia at birth sea bean cafe winter astronomy dresses for graduation fashion for pretty dress mode science project research paper on freezing water with salt what is coffee for gifts astronomy season science best lifestyle names of stars in constellations social lifestyle coffee grinder manual coffee shop easton eli's salon constellation beginning with n fashion of now just in fashion 5th grade 3d science projects teen astronomy starship enterprise d astronomical bodies names modern wood coffee table designs coffee it how many carbon atoms in pyruvate 3 science lifestyle security stars and stripes forever movie great trends lifestyle for men trending now tallahassee style my own outfits my closet i am the trend world of coffee astronomy au a 3 haircut starbucks adams ave pink dress with no back and a tight waistline lifestyle products source lifestyle what is fashion science center detroit best hair do sciencedirect journal price list why fashion flexible dieting lifestyle silk white dress fancy search lifestyle downtown duluth ga coffee science system kit haircut trends news science email business trend body and lifestyle